When it comes to emergency preparedness, it is essential to consider the unexpected and the “could never happen here”. Emergency management is composed of five steps: prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. Prevention and mitigation activities take place before and after emergencies, while preparedness, response and recovery are the four main parts of an emergency plan. Preparedness is the process of planning and organizing resources to respond to an emergency.
This includes developing plans, training personnel, conducting drills and exercises, and maintaining emergency supplies. It also involves identifying potential hazards and assessing risks. Response actions are taken when an emergency occurs. These may include activating the emergency operations center, evacuating threatened populations, opening shelters and providing mass care, emergency rescue and medical care, firefighting, and urban search and rescue.
Recovery activities are implemented after an emergency has passed. These activities help restore the affected area to its pre-disaster condition. Recovery activities may include debris removal, rebuilding infrastructure, providing temporary housing assistance, restoring public services, and providing mental health services.