5 Steps to Create an Emergency Plan

Creating an emergency plan is essential for any organization or business. Prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery are the five steps of emergency management that should be taken into account when creating a plan. Prevention focuses on preventing human hazards, mainly those resulting from possible natural disasters or terrorist attacks (both physical and biological). Preventive measures are designed to provide more permanent protection against disasters; however, not all disasters can be prevented.

The risk of loss of life and injury can be limited with good evacuation plans, environmental planning and design standards. For an emergency response plan, also consult the history and incident records of company employees, as well as any other problems that may be a factor during an emergency, such as mental health fragility or complicated and dangerous equipment. Training and exercise plans are the cornerstone of preparedness, focusing on preparedness to respond to incidents and emergencies of all hazards. The first step in developing an emergency response plan is to perform a risk assessment to identify potential emergency scenarios.

In the context of your emergency response plan, you should analyze what communications will take place during an emergency and establish who will talk to whom and how they will communicate. Immediate notification of emergency services is essential for any emergency plan. Notification tools, such as email, voice and mass texting, are now common on university campuses and businesses. However, keep in mind that no one will receive the alert notification unless someone initiates the process, not only by calling 911, but also notifying the people responsible for sending the message to do so. Public emergency services include fire departments, which can also provide rescue services, hazardous materials, and emergency medical services. Your emergency program committee must be able to organize, develop and manage a successful plan for emergency management measures. We hope that you never need to put your program into action, but if you do, take some time to review it later to fix any issues that may have occurred.

This will help you be even more prepared in the event of another emergency. More information on improving the program can be found here.

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