Disaster preparedness is an area of public health that teaches people how to prepare for both man-made and natural disasters. It is a proactive approach to public health and safety, and can be implemented on a local, state, national, or global level. Preparedness is a set of research-based actions taken as precautionary measures in the face of potential disasters. It is an important quality for achieving goals and avoiding negative outcomes.
In the United States, before Hurricane Katrina, preparedness was largely considered the responsibility of first responders and other emergency services. However, international efforts should help governments and communities invest in understanding risks and building preparedness capacities for preventive and early action. This cycle is one element of a broader National Preparedness System to prevent and respond. Preparedness is an important phase of emergency management and is especially valued in areas of competence such as sports and military science. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), individuals, families, businesses, religious and community groups, profitable groups, schools and academia, the media, and all levels of government must play an active role in preparedness efforts. It is essential to understand the importance of disaster preparedness in order to be able to respond effectively to any potential disaster.
Preparation can help reduce the impact of disasters on individuals, families, businesses, communities, and nations. By taking proactive steps to prepare for disasters, people can be better equipped to handle any situation that may arise.