First responders are often the first to arrive at the scene of an emergency, ranging from police, firefighters and emergency health personnel to community volunteers. As they work to control the emergency and save lives and property, they can be exposed to potentially harmful conditions and contaminants. The term emergency response refers to the steps taken to ensure safety before, during, and after an emergency or natural disaster. These plans are important for safety in both natural and man-made disasters.
Examples of natural disasters include floods, blizzards, tornadoes and earthquakes. Man-made disasters can include explosions, fires, and chemical and biological attacks. Emergencies can create a variety of hazards for workers in the affected area. Preparing before an emergency incident is essential for employers and workers to have the necessary equipment, know where to go, and know how to stay safe when an emergency occurs.
These emergency preparedness and response pages provide information on how to prepare and train for emergencies and the hazards to consider when an emergency occurs. The pages provide information for employers and workers in all industries, as well as those who will respond to the emergency. Some emergencies are not necessarily an immediate threat to life, but can have serious implications for the ongoing health and well-being of a person or people (although a health emergency may later become a threat to life). This can range from emergencies affecting a single person, such as the full range of medical emergencies, including heart attacks, strokes, heart attacks, and trauma, to incidents affecting large numbers of people, such as natural disasters like tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, mudslides and outbreaks of diseases such as coronavirus, cholera, Ebola and malaria.
Hazard assessment is given priority in emergency management because it is critical that first responders do not become secondary victims of any incident. This creates an additional emergency that must be addressed. OSHA has identified certain parameters that clearly define releases of hazardous substances that can only be managed by emergency response personnel and a coordinated emergency response effort. These usually consist of emergencies in which health or property is perceived to be at risk but may not qualify for an official emergency response.
National emergency services are similar to civil emergency services in which public or private service workers make corrective repairs to essential services and make use of their service at all times; however, they have a cost for the service. This is in contrast to the Building-Level Emergency Response Plan which details specific emergency response procedures and is a confidential document that cannot be shared with the public or frustrated by law.