Mitigation is the most cost-effective method for reducing the impact of hazards. It involves identifying risks and vulnerabilities, and taking steps to develop the capacities needed to implement action plans. Preparedness is a continuous cycle of planning, organizing, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating and improving activities that allows organizations to ensure effective coordination and improved capacities to prevent, protect, respond, recover and mitigate disaster events. Response includes mobilizing identified emergency personnel, including first responders, to an internal or external event that could have an impact on operations.
Recovery operations are an extremely important phase in the continuity of emergency management, and yet they are often overlooked. Prevention focuses on preventing human hazards, mainly those resulting from possible natural disasters or terrorist attacks. Preparation is a continuous cycle of planning, organizing, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating and taking corrective action. Training and exercise plans are the cornerstone of preparedness, which focuses on preparedness to respond to all hazards, incidents and emergencies.
This article provides a comprehensive guide to the four phases of emergency preparation and management: mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.