Nurses are often the first line of defense in times of crisis, and it is essential that they are prepared for any emergency situation. Having a plan in place and basic emergency supplies can help ensure the safety of families and alleviate the nurse's concerns. Formal training in disaster nursing and emergency preparedness can provide nurses with the tools they need to remain calm and provide clinical leadership and patient care under duress. Health centers must have an emergency response plan that informs nurses of their roles and responsibilities before a disaster occurs.
This plan should include code names for disasters and emergencies so that nurses know how to act accordingly. To prepare for disasters, natural or otherwise, it is important that health care organizations have a well-documented disaster plan and that they implement the measures they will take. Advanced planning and practice are necessary so that, when an emergency arises, health personnel are prepared for it. The accreditation committee may implement a temporary privilege policy during emergency or disaster situations. In these high-pressure situations, it is important to have nurses who can provide care and show leadership in disaster nursing and emergency preparedness.
FNPs are often on the front line of care in crisis situations, and they step in to take care of emergency care when needed. Health leaders should evaluate potential emergencies or disasters that could affect the demand for their services and supplies, and then develop a plan that addresses those needs. Places like Florida are in high demand for disaster nursing and emergency preparedness due to the prevalence of natural disasters such as fires, floods, and storms. Disaster mitigation measures are those that eliminate or reduce the impacts and risks of hazards through proactive measures taken before an emergency or disaster occurs. Social support between co-workers and hospital leaders is also essential in times of high stress. The challenge lies in the lack of current literature related to emergency nursing and disaster preparedness.
By providing emergency and primary care services, nurses can help communities begin the healing process after a natural disaster or other incident such as a mass shooting or chemical spill. It is essential that nurses are trained in disaster nursing and emergency preparedness so that they can remain calm under pressure and provide appropriate care to patients.